The discovery of Science brought about new creative ways of learning, inventing, record keeping, mood stability, stress relief, dealing with inappropriate behaviour patterns, and a number of other laudable results, with the appearance of an outstanding paper by Dr. Gerald Oster of Mt. Sinai Medical Center, in the October 1973 issue of Scientific American.
Oster’s paper, entitled “Auditory Beats in the Brain,” described how tones of diverse frequencies presented at different instances to each ear causes pulsations called binaural beats in the brain. The brain as a whole then became accustomed to a frequency equivalent to the difference between the two tones and began to resonate to that frequency. In other words, Oster found a system for what is called entrainment of brain wave patterns. (1)
At the same time, Robert Monroe, of the Monroe Institute of Applied Sciences, was also working on binaural beats. Monroe came to a conclusion (after series of experiments which required him to use an EEG machine to determine subjects electrical brain wave patterns) that aided by binaural beats, he could entrain brain wave patterns. He also discovered that the response wasn’t coming only from the part of the brain answerable for hearing, or only in one area or the other, the resonation came from the brain as a whole. Both hemispheres displayed similar frequencies, amplitude, phase, and coherence.
Since then, a lot of scientists have confirmed this spectacle. Language and speech pathologist Dr Suzanne Evans Morris, Ph.D., reports
|Research shows that when stereo headphones are used, each ear receives different frequencies and as the brain tries to interpret the two tones, a difference tone is created. The electrical pattern produced by the brain is used to calculate the difference tone (binaural beat) using EEG monitoring. For example, if two different frequencies are sent, each being 200 Hz and 210 Hz, they will produce a binaural beat frequency of 10 Hz. Through EEG Monitoring of the brain, it is seen that the brain creates a 10Hz increased activity with the same frequency and amplitude of the wave form in the two hemispheres. (2)|
Dr Lester Fehmi, the director of the Princeton Behavioral Medicine and Biofeedback Clinic, through his research, affirmed that binaural beats can cause synchronization in the hemisphere and brain entrainment. (3) Dr Lester is the greatest researcher on hemispheric synchronization in the brain.
In an article titled “Tests of the Sleep Induction Technique”, Dr. Arthur Hatings, Ph.D., talks about how binaural beats in the brain can affect people who listen to it via a cassette tape. The cassette tape is specially designed to produce binaural beats, and the sounds were created to retard the wave patterns in the brain. The sounds slow down from a normal waking beta brain wave to an alpha pattern which is much slower before further slowing to a theta pattern, the pattern for sleeping with dreams. From this theta pattern, the wave drifts to the slowest pattern which is the delta pattern, the pattern for sleeping without dreams.
According to Hastings,
|A test was done using an EEG machine to identify how the sleep tape affects brain waves. This test was done through the researchers at the Langely-Porter Neuropsychiatric Institute ( part of the University of California Medical School in San Francisco). The test subject listened to the sleep tape and then the frequencies of the brain wave was monitored by Dr. Joe Kaniya, Director of the Psychophysiology of Consciousness Laboratory.
The results showed a sleep pattern which began from the alpha waves then the brain waves slowed with sleep spindles before entering the final sleep brain waves pattern which is stage 2 and 3 in the low theta range. The conclusion was that the tape was causing all these changes in patterns in the subject’s brain.(4)
Dr. Bill D. Schul also talks about the occurrence of brain entrainment:
When sine waves are mixed at distinct sound frequencies to form beat frequencies at the range of brain waves in all the sleep stages of a human, a frequency following response (FFR) will be produced within the EEG pattern of the person listening to the tape. This FFR produced would then create physiological and mental states that are directly related to the original stimulus. Now with this equipment, a person can be induced into any of the sleep stages either from the relaxed Alpha stage to the Theta, then Delta and finally in REM (dream stage). (5)
From all these, Schul was able to summarize that “Binaural beat-frequency stimulation produces a FFR, existent in amplitude and frequency between the brain hemispheres.” (5)
The neurophysics of the binaural beat brain entrainment process was explained by F. Holmes Atwater of the Monroe Institute:
|When there is pulse stimulation in the part of the brain that processes sound, vital information is delivered to the higher regions of the brain. Variation in wave form causes the electron pulse rate to differ with one part having higher pulse rate than the other. These differences are not normal (an irregularity) and as the wave forms tangle around the phase, this irregularity fluctuates. These fluctuating differences (increase and decrease) in electron pulse stimulation causes the production of an amplitude modulated standing wave (the binaural beat) within the parts of the brain that process sound. This standing wave is what moves to entrain brain waves. (6)|
Also according to Atwater, two amplitude modulated standing waves are produced by a regular binaural beat, each hemisphere’s olivary nucleus will each contain one wave. The two hemispheres will be entrained to the same frequency by these binaural beats and this will bring about similar electromagnetic environments and boost inter-hemispheric neural communication (6).
Not Just a Pretty Picture
These phenomenon of brain entrainment brings with it countless and awesome number of exciting prospects. Neuroscientists are re so enthusiastic about it, they are so glad to to have this new discovery to follow up.
“It’s difficult to try to responsibly convey some sense of excitement about what’s going on,” said UCLA neurophysiologist John Kiebeskind; although not wishing to sound hip or gangster he found himself doing so with words like “damn, this field is wild and exciting”. He was really excited to have a really fascinating prospect to focus his energy on (7).
Candace Pert, Neurochemist at the National Institute of Mental Health, said:
|A change is rising up where there is now a connection between the two systems of knowlege. The two systems used to be hard science (chemistry, physics andbiophysics) and a system made up of ethology, psychology, and psychiatry but right now they are all being joined as if a lightning bolt struck them to form one system called neuroscience. She likened this present era in neuroscience to a time in the past when Louis Pasteur first discovered that diseases were caused by germs. (8)|
A prediction was made almost twenty-five years ago by a Berkelry psychologist at University of California, David Krech, Ph.D., that a day would come when people would be able to use environmental and biochemical means to manipulate the brain functions and behaviour of individuals in the world. (9)
His predictions may be coming to pass really soon through this recently developed means of manipulating brain wave patterns using sound. This is a very easy and safe means of manipulation.
In Centerpointe Research Institute, a Holosync (which is a sound technology) is now being used to entrain brain wave patterns. This will enable us produce or manipulate different feelings or waves in the brain like create calmess, control pain, creativity, ecstacy, fascination, direct attention, stress relief, improved learning performance, capability to solve problem, improved memory, healing fast, change in behavior, mental and emotional health enhancement.
Michael Hutchison gave a summary of this fast growing neuroscience in his book Megabrain Power: Scientists have been able to identify the electrical and chemical activity when the brain is working due to recent breakthroughs in neuroscience and microelectronics. These new breakthroughs have been used to monitor and map out brain activities of rare individuals who can enter peak domains whenever they want to. These individuals also include meditators and artists (10). Hutchison says the scientists first concluded that the peak states are connected to some certain patterns of activity in the brain and are not magical or random as some would think.
These patterns could include sudden changes in brain wave activity, hemispheric symmetry, and fast alterations in the levels of various neurochemicals. Scientists believe that if they are able to create these patterns of brain activity then it would be easy to also create their respective peak states. In their research, they realised that these peak state brain patterns could be created in ordinary people by using different types of mechanical stimulation, for example combining pulsating sound waves. (10)
The Well-Balanced Brain
Exercise enhances our health physically; in like manner, stimulation exercises the brain and produces enhanced intellects, improved mental and emotional health. Researcher Robert Cosgrove, Jr., Ph.D., M.D., who is well-versed in pharmaceutics and biomedical engineering, made an observation about technologies that alter brainwave patterns
|We believe that these stimulation technologies can be a very good neuro-pathway exerciser and can also be very helpful in providing optimal cerebral performance. We also observed that if it is used regularly for a long time, it can enhance and retain control cerebral performance for a lifetime; it can also keep the brain from deteriorating which usually happens when a person is aging. (11)|
Brain wave patterns are divided into four: beta has the fastest brain wave pattern ranging from about 14 Hz to more than 100 Hz. Beta pattern is the normal waking state which is connected with concentration, arousal, alertness, and cognition. It could also cause anxiety when beta is at higher levels. After the waking state, we drift into a relaxed state and the brain activity slows down. This is known as the alpha state which ranges from 8 to 13.9 Hz, which is the pattern of deep relaxation. This deep relaxation is known as the twilight state, the state between sleeping and waking. At higher levels, alpha gives off a more relaxed yet focused state.
The theta pattern is much slower than the alpha ranging from 4 to 7.9 Hz. This state induces dreaming sleep, it is also a state where creativity is increased, learning skills are enhanced and memory increases. The delta wave pattern is the slowest of all and it is the state of dreamless sleep. It is below 4Hz. In this state people should be asleep, but it has been proved that sometimes the brain could still be active in a kind of comatose state. In this delta state, lots of healing growth hormones are released from our brains (12).
Four Types of Brain Pattern
As the brain wave patterns get slower from beta to alpha to theta and lastly to delta, the balance between the two hemispheres of the brain also increases. This balance is called brain synchrony or brain synchronization. In the 1970s, during the first stages of EEG studies of experienced mediators, this brain balance state was discovered. The studies showed that when the brain is in deep meditative states, the waves would move from its normal asymmetrical pattern (where one hemisphere is more superior than the other), to a balanced state where the brain connects, using one brain wave frequency on all levels. As we proceed, we will see that so many exceptional mental abilities and experiences are naturally induced in the four different wave patterns.
According to Robert Monroe of the Monroe Institute, when binaural beats are used to induce brain wave patterns, a number of abilities can be recorded; like attention focus, suggestibility, problem solving, creativity, enhanced memory, improved learning, sleep induction and pain control (13).
It has been recorded by scientists that when slower brain wave patterns are induced, the abilities that are usually manifested are: deep tranquility, creativity, extreme happiness euphoria, intensely, and improved learning skills.
Dr. Lester Fehmi, director of the Princeton Biofeedback Research Institute, explained what hemispheric synchronization is. According to him, hemispheric synchronization is all about the ability to move information to all areas of the brain effectively. It makes you feel united with your brain, you become more involved in your experiences. You act more collaboratively with your brain and you get to feel the experience of being less self conscious. Your knowledge is heightened and you get so many experiences at once. You begin to feel more connected to your brain and this will make you perform better.(14)
Enhanced learning, also known as super learning, is an effect linked with sound-induced brain synchronization. This superlearning was first discovered in the late 1960s and early 1970s when a Bulgarian psychiatrist Georgi Lozanov, created alpha waves using deep relaxation and synchronized rhythms in the brain of students. This led him to discover than in this induced state, the students’ learning was enhanced and even when they don’t study for a long time, they still gain about five times more information per day and retain them for a longer time and in special cases it can be up to thirty times more.
Suzanne Evans Morris, Ph.D., a speech-language pathologist talks about how the brainwave patterns relate to learning, concentration, problem solving, receptivity, and creativity.
|Being able to learn fast and the superior brain wave patterns are related to the state of consciousness. Beta frequencies between 13 and 26 Hz are related with concentration and high problem solving ability; alpha frequencies between 8 and 13 Hz are related with a conscious state of relaxation; theta frequencies from 4-7 Hz is related with deep state of relaxation and enhanced learning ability and yearning for new experiences. (15)|
She went further to say that binaural beat signals in audio soundtracks can prolong and maintain the theta state of receptivity to new experiences and learning.(15)
She further notes that if students are exposed to this theta wave patterns, they would have a better and wider understanding of the knowledge imparted to them by their teachers. Their attention level would also increase together with their receptive level. According to Morris, a test was carried out in a learning environment (classroom) and the results showed that the children had high attention level, were more receptive and open to learning.(15)
She enlightens us on how the learning ability is enhanced in the brain:
|Theta waves (4–7 Hz) are responsible for increased openness to learning and also reduces the level at which the left hemisphere filters information. This heightened awareness state only occurs for a short period when the person is passing through the phase of deep sleep out in the sleep cycle which lasts for 90 minutes. But this theta state can be made to last for a longer period by using binaural beat signals to create a more open reaction to learning. These binaural beat signals create a unified state between right and left hemispheres and also the subcortical areas. They all work together and the two hemispheres have the same frequency and amplitude of EEG patterns. Due to this unity, the problem solving ability in the left hemisphere merges with the intuitive nature of the right hemisphere and the limbic system (subcortex) which allows the student to have an increased knowledge and gives way to increase problem solving abilities. This hemispheric synchronization brings about focused attention by reducing distractions in the mind and this paves the way for effective learning (16).|
In Tacoma, Washington, the teachers in the public schools used audio tapes that had been modified with binaural beat signals to enhance learning ability of the children. This was monitored by a psychologist, Devon Edrington and it was discovered that these students did exceedingly better in tests than the group that didn’t make use of the tapes. (17)
Behavior can be easily modified in this theta state as well as people’s beliefs. Thomas Budzynski, (1981), a neurotechnology and biofeedback researcher gave a description of the theta state, which was then explained by Suzanne Evans Morris:
|Theta state is the state in between being awake and asleep where new information is received by an individual in a way that is not critical or analytical. Budzynski said that this theta state avoids the critical filters in the left hemisphere and carries the new information straight to the right hemisphere. Since there is no filtering of information, more information would then be absorbed making it easier for behavioral change and modification of belief system to the substitutes made available when there is theta activity. (18)|
Dr. Gene W. Brockopp, a medical researcher agrees that one’s behaviour can be changed more easily when a person is exposed to a slower brain wave pattern. He proposes that manipulating brain waves using technology can:
|….cause a state of relaxation where the brain is still alert but is not active in events going on at that moment. If his proposal is correct, then it means that this state can bring about a development of new strategies. Inducing different brain wave patterns in individuals will promote varieties in their behavior and cause them to break away from their normal level. It might make it possible for the individuals to easily move from one behavioral pattern to another, they will become more creative and more strategies for better functioning will be developed (19).|
Many other scientists have done a lot of research on the usefulness of alpha and theta brain wave states. Budzynski is one of those that has researched a lot on the condition of the brain when it is in theta state. Budzynski said extremely enhanced learning happens in the theta state; like learning new languages, easily changing behavioral pattern and beliefs, being able to assimmilate much information in a short period of time. He also says that in this theta state (hypnagogic) also known as twilight state, the brain has access to unfiltered information and this will make it easier to process information faster thereby making it easier and faster to get loads of work done. (20, 21)
Dr. James McGaugh of the University of California at Irvine also discovered the same facts as Budzynski that it is easier to process and retain information in a theta state. Well known researchers Elmer and Alyce Green, of the Menninger Foundation, also researched on the theta state and affirmed that these happenings were not just like dreams in a person’s brain but that the subjects were actually experiencing these events. The individuals exposed to the theta waves had broader knowledge and ideas of things they didn’t know about before but which were just intuitively stored in their brain.
The Greens talked about the wonders of theta brain wave state in their book, Beyond Biofeedback. They discovered that the theta waves made individuals more creative, more intuitive- which the Greens described as “integrative experiences leading to feelings of psychological well-being.” Psychological tests were taken on the subjects and the results showed that they were much better psychologically, were more socially confident, flexible, more creative and self confident. Another wonder was that the subjects became healthier. The subjects were able to function better emotionally as was seen in their improved relationships with other people, better understanding, high tolerance level, self love and loving others as well. (22)
Research has also shown that the Alpha and theta states can speeden the rate of addiction recovery. This was tested by Dr. Eugene Peniston and Dr. Paul Kulkosky, of the University of Southern Colorado on a group of alcoholics and it was discovered that when they were induced into the alpha and theta states, their recovery rate was much higher than that of a normal control group. The alcoholics were still monitored thirteen months after to check if the recovery was long-lasting. The results showed that the recovery rate of the alpha-theta waves was long lasting and even showed a modification in behavior of the alcoholics in a check up that was done three years later. The subjects became bolder, more self confident, more loving, less depressed and could control themselves more. (23)
There is a point where the alpha and theta patterns meet and neuroscientists call this the crossover point. At this point, it has been shown that individuals could pass through various extraordinary changes. In his report, Houston therapist William Beckwith said that at the crossover point, his subjects that had serious and complicated psychological problems were healed mysteriously. (24)
Some other researchers also proposed that the memory can also increase to retain more information when there is brain synchronization increase memory. McGaugh’s research showed that the increase in memory is dependent on the increase in theta waves because more theta waves means more memory increase. An animal’s brain was used as a test case and it was discovered that the amount of theta waves in the brain can be used to evaluate if the brain can process and retain information at that time.(25)
It has been found by scientists that before memories can occur, the brain will have to pass through a process known as long-term potentiation (LTP) which consists of electrical and chemical changes in the neurons associated with memory. If the brain doesn’t pass through LTP, it won’t be able to process and retain any information at all. Neurophysiologist Dr. Gary Lynch and associates at the University of California at Irvine found out that theta brain wave pattern is the main way to LTP. “The magic rhythm that makes LTP has been discovered- it is the theta rhythm.” Lynch said that this theta rhythm is the natural rhythm of the hippocampus i.e, the brain region responsible for collection and storage of new memory and also the recollection of old ones (26).
So many other studies have showed that the theta state is remarkably very useful. For example, the Monroe Institute of Applied Science conducted experiments using binaural beats to produce theta waves in individuals, this was calculated using EEG. The experiments showed that the individuals involved exhibited all the characteristics that have been related with the theta state, like, clear hypnagogic imagery, improved creativity, integrative experiences and instinctive memory (27).
What brings about all these extraordinary mental and emotional changes? Researchers feel that there is an association between the brain wave patterns and the neurochemicals produced in the brain, which are responsible for relaxed states, stress relief, enhanced learning, improved creativity, retentive memory and many more remarkable qualities. Examples of these neurochemicals are beta-endorphins, acetylcholine, vasopressin, and serotonin.
The research done by Dr. Margaret Patterson and biochemist Dr. Ifor Capel, at the Marie Curie Cancer Memorial Foundation Research Department in Surrey, England, showed that when the brain is exposed to some frequencies, the rate of production of some of the neurotransmitters suddenly gains speed. At different frequencies, different chemicals are produced in the brain. For example, an alpha brain wave pattern which is at a frequency of 10 Hz will speeden the production of serotin, which is a chemical responsible for relaxation and pain relief; for theta brain wave at 4 Hz, the production rate of catecholamines gains speed, this is the chemical responsible for enhanced learning and retentive memory.
According to Capel, ” different regions of the brain at different specific frequencies exhibit traits that are dependent on the greater neurotransmitter produced in that region. This means that the brain communicates based on its frequency at a particular time. So if the brain is exposed to a frequency of 10 Hz, this will fire up cells in lower brain stem because this is the frequency that usually respond to.” (28)
Dr. William Bauer, who is one of the principal experts in electromedicine, expantiates further:
|By my own understanding, the arrangement of the cell membrane is changed when the correct frequency, waveform and current is sent to the brain. When this happens, the cells at sub-optimal levels will be pressurized to produce what they should normally produce (through DNA). This stimulation is done through the cell membrane. The cells are charged using a biochemical process to balance the acetylcholine or the neurotransmitter that should be turned on. (29)|
When the rate of production of the neurochemicals speeds up, memory and learning will also increase. At the veterans Administration Hospital in Palo Alto, a research team gave the chemicals that enhanced acetylcholine production in the brain to human subjects and discovered that their ability to retain information in their memory for a long time improved tremendously; when this same research was carried out at MIT, the students showed enhanced memory and their ability to learn lists of words was also enhanced (30). A researcher Lester A. Henry affirmed that acetylcholine is very much needed to improve memory and learning. (31)
Research carried out recently has shown that lack of acetylcholine could lead to loss of memory and make a person less intelligent and less receptive to learning. It has also been said that lack of acetylcholine is partly responsible for memory loss and confusion in Alzheimer’s patients (32, 33). Other studies showed that individuals that were given acetylcholine enhancers became more intelligent and scored very high when given tests on memory and intelligence (34, 35).
People with high level of acetylcholine in the brain have a larger brain size and a larger number of neurons in the cortex.
UC Berkeley researcher Mark Rosenzweig, talks about how acetylcholine affects intelligence. (36)
Other neurochemicals produced in the brain have been shown to be responsible for enhanced learning and memory and many other remarkable abilities. When vasopressin, a neurochemical related to endorphins, was taken by men around the age of fifty, it was noticed that they had great memory and learning enhancement. Another study carried out on sixteen normal individuals with average intelligence, showed that when they took many doses of vasopressin, their learning ability improved extraordinary as well as their ability to recollect information (37). Dutch scientists also discovered that vasopressin had a strong and long lasting effect on information retention. (38)
Research carried out at the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), showed that vasopressin causes improved memory and this allows the individuals to chunk (break down large amounts of information into smaller groups that will be easy for them to recollect) and interprete information easily. NIMH also discovered that insufficient vasopressin would lead to problems with memory. Vasopressin quickens the production of theta waves thereby enabling easy connection to improved memory and creativity. Vasopressin also causes endorphins to be released faster and also renewed the memory of patients who had memory loss (amnesia) (39, 40).
The Endorphin Connection
When alpha and theta waves are induced in the brain, the endorphins discharged cause an increase in the individual’s mental system. The effect of endorphins on learning and memory is extremely strong; it could restore memory to amnesia patients.
Researcher David de Weid carried out a test on rats by exposing them to endorphins, and the results showed that the rats exhibited a long term retentive memory. Dr. Andrew Schally, who won the Nobel Prize for medicine in 1977, discovered that rats injected with endorphins, developed better skills in maze running. (41)
What causes endorphins to enhance learning and memory? According to neuroscientists, the part of the brain that produces large amounts of endorphins is the same part that is directly related with learning and memory. Dr. Aryeh Routtenberg, of Northwestern University, describes these learning areas in the brain
|The brain reward pathway has a direct relationship with learning and memory. I have always believed that the brain reward pathways are responsible for coordinating memory. This means that the brain reward pathways are responsible for forming and arranging the memory of every new thing we learn in our brain. The evidence available for the reward effects of localized electrical stimulation and for the relationship between reward paths and memory formation show that guiding of an individual’s behavior is dependent on the neural substrates of self-stimulation.(42)|
Scientists have now discovered up to seven chemicals that affect memory and learning, all of them being in the endorphin family. now know of at least seven chemicals in the endorphin family. Neuroscientists say that endorphins are the natural reward system of the body that make us receive a boost of pleasure when we do something that contributes to our survival or when we gain a new knowledge (43). This shows that when there is sufficient endorphins,the mind can be exposed to new belief systems that promote good behavior and the mind would then decide to imitate this new system. This is very useful in changing behavioral patterns.
The woman who discovered the opiate receptor,Dr. Candice Pert of NIMH, says that the endorphins which are the body’s natural drugs, act as a filtering tool in the brain. The opiate system would screen any new information coming in from the different senses (sight, hearing, smell, touch and taste) and stops some of it from passing through to higher consciousness levels.(44)
According to scientists, that particular time we feel a rush of pleasure, is the exact moment when our endorphins have screened a certain reality into our brain enabling us to gain a new knowledge. Our brain rewards us for this new knowledge by producing a burst of endorphins in our pleasure-learning pathways. (45)
Producing alpha and theta patterns in the brain is also related with the relaxation response, which is the mirror image of the fight or flight response. The fight or flight response leads blood away from the brain to the body’s brink, then introduces an excess of sugar into the bloodstream, increases the heart rate and blood pressure, and also the rate of respiration thereby making the body ready to either defend itself or take flight. The mental functions such as learning and problem solving abilities are repressed when the body is in this state.
The relaxation response gets us prepared internally by reducing heart rate and blood pressure, relaxing our muscles, and causing an increase in the percentage of oxygen flowing to the brain. The fight or flight response comes with a low amplitude and high-frequency beta brain wave patterns, while the relaxation response comes with high amplitude and low frequency alpha-theta rhythms which are very helpful to learning and problem solving. (46, 47) Relaxation response is induced when sound technologies are used. Researchers have noted that this could also be a cause of the improvement in learning abilities.
The Effect on Hormones
Dr. Vincent Giampapa, M.D., former president of the American Board of Anti-Aging Medicine carried out a study recently by using Holosync audio technology to induce alpha, theta, and delta brain wave patterns. This immensely affects the production of three vital hormones that are responsible for increasing a person’s life and health: cortisol, DHEA, and melatonin.
Dr Giampapa notes that Cortisol, the hormone produced by the adrenal glands, is responsible for aging. Cortisol speedens the rate at which we age and also causes a reduction in learning and memory. It affects the health of a person adversely.
DHEA, which is also produced by the adrenal glands, is a source ingredient that is very important in the hormones that are useful to the body. The levels of DHEA in the body determines an individual’s immunity to diseases and the rate of aging. High levels DHEA means the body is very healthy, energetic and can comfortably fight any disease. DHEA shields the body from hormones that cause stress, like cortisol, but as we age and the body can no longer produce sufficient DHEA, we become more prone to diseases and stress.
New England Journal of Medicine had a publication on a study that was carried out (December 11, 1986) which discovered that when DHEA blood levels increased by 100 microgram per deciliter increase in DHEA blood levels, the death rate caused by cardiovascular disease reduced drastically by 48% and death rate caused my many other reasons reduced by 36%.
Melatonin, the hormone linked with resting sleep, is produced less and less as we get older. When we are asleep, vital substances that revitalize us are produced in the brain. If we find it difficult to sleep peacefully, these substances will not be produced and this will lead to reduction in quality of life and aging will occur at a very fast rate.
19 subjects were exposed to the holosync audio technology and they listened four hours daily for three days. Dr. Giampapa discovered changes in their levels of melatonin, DHEA, and is listed below:
- DHEA levels increased by about 43.77% in more than 68% of the individuals. Many of the subjects DHEA levels increased by 50, 60 and even up to 90%.
- Cortisol level reduced by47%, and 68% of the subjects showed favorable changes. The level in some of the people decreased by 70 or 80%.
- Melatonin levels increased by about 77%, showing favorable changes in more than 73% of the people; some increased by 100, 200 and 300%.
Pushing the Brain to Change
There is a much more extraordinary effect that occurs when the brain waves are slowed into the alpha, theta, and delta ranges; the electrical changes in the brain increases and this causes a change in the neural structure thereby making the brain to rearrange and place itself at a level that is very high and complex. Ilya Prigogine, Nobel Prize-winner in chemistry in 1997, anticipated this rearrangement of the brain.
His work has been used in all open systems were changes occur; from germination of seed to extension of a company, growth of a highway system, division of a cell or a person going through behavioral or emotional changes.
The human brain is the final open system, and gives out energy continuously to its surrounding. The system can handle various kinds of changes but the system will be moved to exceed its limit if the changes becomes too much causing the system to rearrange itself at a level that is higher. For example, if a runner pushes his body past its normal exercise routine or strength, the body will readjust itself at a higher level to be able to accommodate the higher level of exercise.
The same effect will also occur in the brain when binaural beat technology is used to change brain wave patterns. The alpha, theta, and delta brain wave patterns occur as a result of changes in the brain. Using a vivid picture of these brain wave patterns, we see that as we proceed from alpha to theta to delta, the amplitude, which is the height of the waveform, increases meaning that the amount of change increases. These amount of changes bombards the nervous system and makes it hard to handle and so the brain rearranges itself to a higher and comlex functioning level in order tp accommodate the changes. The brain will create new neural pathways within itself thereby leading to increased communication between parts of the brain that could not be reached in the past. This was mentioned in the beginning and is known as the unity between the two hemispheres of the brain and the synchronization causes amazing changes. Lester Fehmi, of the Princeton Biofeedback Research Institute, as we discussed in the beginning said that that “synchrony is the movement of information to all parts of the brain in a way that is highly efficient.” (49)
As we already know, the two major effects brought about by reorganization and increased synchrony in the brain are: –improvement of the mental functions, which include: enhanced learning skills, creativity, improved intelligence, intuition and so on;
–favorable changes in mental and emotional health any time the neural structure changes. When the brain restructures itself to accommodate a higher functioning level, the individual’s belief system also changes. New neural pathways are created, giving individuals more access to different information that are now perceived as being useful. This leaves a variety of choices to pick from. This is to explain why there are unbelievable changes in behavior pattern of individuals when their brain wave patterns were changes using sound technology.
This is a really big discovery and it is a new territory that needs to be explored for any other possible discoveries. Brain entrainment and changing the patterns of the brain is a tool that will be extremely useful in humans improvement and behavioral modification.The induced brain wave states will allow humans to possess superlearning, induce sleep, they’ll become more creative, change in behaviour, pain control, stress relief, sudden improvement in mental and emotional health. Centerpointe Research Institute feel very pleased and gratified as the institute at the helm of this new discovery. We implore you to take this step with us and be projected into the 21st century.
|1.||Oster, Gerald. “Auditory beats in the brain.” Scientific American, 229, 94–102. 1973.|
|2.||Morris, Suzanne. The Facilitation of Learning. Privately published manuscript, p. 15. 1989.|
|3.||Hutchison, Michael. Megabrain. Ballantine Books: New York, p. 219. 1986 .|
|4.||Hastings, Arthur. Tests of the Sleep Induction Technique. Privately published manuscript, 1975.|
|5.||Schul, Bill. Conceptual discussion of work plan, Monroe Institute of Applied Sciences, Faber, Virginia, 1986, p. 9–10.|
|6.||Atwater, F. The Monroe Institute’s Hemi-Sync Process, A Theoretical Perspective. The Monroe Institute of Applied Sciences, 1988. pp. 4, 7.|
|7.||Quoted by Michael Hutchison. Megabrain. Ballantine Books: New York, 1986, p. 2.|
|8.||Quoted by Michael Hutchison. Megabrain. Ballantine Books: New York, 1986, p. 2.|
|9.||Bylinski, Gene. Mood Control. NY: Scribner, 1978.|
|10.||Hutchison, Michael. Megabrain Power. New York: Hyperion, 1994. pp. 22–23.|
|11.||Quoted in Hutchison, Michael. Megabrain Power . New York: Hyperion, 1994. p. 89.|
|12.||Hutchison, Megabrain Power. New York: Hyperion, 1994. p. 33.|
|13.||Hutchison, Michael. Megabrain. Ballantine Books: New York, 1986, p. 25.|
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